Activities: Violence Prevention
Peer Mediation Role-plays
National Youth Violence Prevention Week
time of year
mediation process provides a way for people to resolve their disagreements
before either party resorts to violence.
To provide students with the skills to avoid resorting to violence by
using mediation instead
Ever since you wouldnt let your classmate copy the answers to your math
test, she has been writing threatening e-mails to you and spreading rumors
about you to your friends. Its been two weeks and youre tired
of putting up with it. You start spreading rumors about her and pranking her
cell phone. The next day, shes waiting for you after school, ready to
Did the situation have to come to this? Will fighting solve anything? What
could have happened instead?
Unfortunately, every day people choose to use violence as an answer to their
anger and frustration. But there are plenty of alternatives to solving problems
that do not require violence. They require talking, listening, understanding,
Mediation involves solving a dispute through peaceful means. This can be done
between the two people (or two groups of people) faced with the conflict,
or a mediator can handle the mediation. A mediator is a neutral person who
can help both sides resolve their differences fairly and peacefully.
According to the National Crime Prevention Council, mediation has helped to
reduce violence in neighborhoods and schools. Using peers as mediators
a process known as peer mediation is a popular way to handle
conflicts and prevent violence in middle schools and high schools. Schools
recruit and train students interested in peer mediation. Guidance counselors
or other trained professionals teach the young mediators how to listen to
both sides of an argument, offer unbiased impressions, and help students in
conflict find a workable solution to their problem.
For more information about becoming a peer mediator and mediator training,
visit the National Association of Peer Programs Web site at www.peerhelping.org
or the National Crime Prevention Council at www.ncpc.org.
SADD encourages you to establish a peer mediation group at your school to
help deal with conflicts before they escalate into violence. Use the tips
and scenarios in the following pages to help classmates see what it takes
to be peer mediators.
and distribute the Six Steps to Mediation.
with the group and discuss.
the group is comfortable, divide students into small groups of three.
the role-plays and have students present their skits to the group once they
Steps to Mediation
can be divided into a six-step process.
- The mediator should make the parties feel at ease and explain the
- The mediators role is not to make a decision but to help the
parties reach agreement.
- The mediator explains that he or she will not take sides.
- Each party is given an opportunity to tell his or her version of what
happened. No interruptions are allowed.
- The other party then explains his or her version of the facts. Again,
no interruptions are allowed.
- Any of the participants may take notes during the process.
- The mediators notes are destroyed at the end of the process
to ensure confidentiality.
Facts, Issues, and Interests
- Next the mediator attempts to identify any agreed upon facts and issues
and the items that are important to each person.
- The mediator listens to each side, summarizes each partys view,
and checks to make sure that each party understands the others
view. This is a key element. Understanding is the key to resolving conflict.
- During this step, the participants (with help from the mediator) think
of all the possible solutions to their problem. Because the opposing
sides of the dispute probably arrived at the mediation session with
a desired outcome in mind, it is often difficult for them to consider
- The mediator makes a list of solutions and asks each party to explain
his or her feelings about each one.
Revising and Discussing Solutions
On the basis of feelings expressed by each party, the mediator revises the
list of possible solutions and tries to identify a solution that both parties
- The mediator helps the parties reach an agreement by choosing a solution
that has been discussed and that both parties accept.
- The agreement should be put in writing.
- The written agreement should be as specific as possible, stating exactly
what each party has agreed to do and when he or she will do it.
- The agreement should also explain what will happen if either disputant
breaks the agreement.
- Once it is finalized, the agreement is signed by both parties.
to put the information from the six steps to the test?
with at least two other classmates to peacefully mediate solutions. One student
plays the role of mediator and the other two are the students in conflict.
Use the six-step mediation process for the following scenarios.
Two teenagers found out they are both dating the same person. Both are angry
and upset at the other person and demand that the other break up with the
boyfriend/girlfriend. Neither one wants to budge. How can this conflict
be resolved peacefully?
Lisa lets Carly borrow money to buy lunch, but Carly refuses to pay Lisa
back. In retaliation, Lisa steals Carlys cell phone out of her locker.
How can Lisa and Carly reach a peaceful end to their problem?
the starting quarterback!
Shawn was the starting quarterback for his football team, but he was benched
for a game after he was caught drinking at a party. Anthony, the backup
quarterback, played a great game in Shawns place and is now the starting
quarterback. Shawn has turned the entire team against Anthony and has threatened
to fight Anthony unless he quits the team. What can be done to end this
conflict before it turns violent?
class president is going to be me!
Robert is running for class president against Stephanie, who has been class
president for the past two years. Robert is more of a competitive threat
than Stephanie thought, so she rips down his posters. Robert retaliates
by starting rumors about Stephanie. The election is getting out of control.
How can this situation be resolved?
this infomation in MS Word format.