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faqs and stats

FAQs and Statistics

Underage Drinking

During the past month (30 days), 26.4% of underage persons (ages 12-20) used alcohol, and binge drinking among the same age group was 17.4%.
SAMHSA

Alcohol use remains extremely widespread among today’s teenagers. Nearly three quarters of students (72%) have consumed alcohol (more than just a few sips) by the end of high school, and more than a third (37%) have done so by eighth grade.
NIDA

Past-month alcohol use rates declined between 2002 and 2008 for those ages 12-13 (4.3% to 3.4%), 14 or 15 (16.6% to 13.1%), 16 or 17 (32.6% to 26.2%), and 18-20 (51.0% to 48.7%).
SAMHSA

Among race demographics, whites had the highest percentage of underage (ages 12-20) past-month alcohol use (30.4%). Asians had the lowest rate at 16.1%.
SAMHSA

In 2008, 56.2% of current underage drinkers (ages 12-20) reported that their last use of alcohol occurred in someone else’s home; 29.6% reported that it occurred in their own home.
SAMHSA

Among underage drinkers (ages 12-20), 30.8% paid for the alcohol the last time they drank – including 8.3% who purchased the alcohol themselves and 22.3% who gave money to someone else to purchase it. Among those who did not pay for the alcohol they drank, 37.4% got it from an unrelated person of legal drinking age; 21.1% received it from a parent, guardian, or other adult family member.
SAMHSA

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Other Drug Use

Nearly half (44%) of American young people have tried cigarettes by twelfth grade, and one out of five (20%) twelfth graders is a current smoker.
NIDA

From 2008 to 2009, the current (past-month) illicit drug use rate among youths ages 12-17 increased from 9.3% to 10%, after six years of continued decline.
SAMHSA

In 2008, an estimated 20.1 million Americans ages 12 or older (8.0%) were current (past-month) illicit drug users.
SAMHSA

The highest levels of past-year dependence or abuse in 2008 for specific drugs were for marijuana (4.2 million), pain relievers (1.7 million), and cocaine (1.4 million).
SAMHSA

The current marijuana use rate among youth (ages 12-17) is 6.7%.
SAMHSA

The current hallucinogen use rate among youth (ages 12-17) is 1.0%.
SAMHSA

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Impaired & Distracted Driving

In 2009, 5,474 people were killed on U.S. roadways and an estimated additional 448,000 were injured in motor vehicle crashes that were reported to have involved dis­tracted driving (FARS and GES).

Of those people killed in distracted-driving-related crashes, 995 involved reports of a cell phone as a distrac­tion (18% of fatalities in distraction-related crashes). [NHTSA, Traffic Safety Facts, 2009]

Of those injured in distracted-driving-related crashes, 24,000 involved reports of a cell phone as a distraction (5% of injured people in distraction-related crashes). [NHTSA, Traffic Safety Facts, 2009]

Sixteen percent of fatal crashes in 2009 involved reports of distracted driving. [NHTSA, Traffic Safety Facts, 2009]

Twenty percent of injury crashes in 2009 involved reports of distracted driving. [NHTSA, Traffic Safety Facts, 2009]

The age group with the greatest proportion of distracted drivers was the under-20 age group – 16 percent of all drivers younger than 20 involved in fatal crashes were reported to have been distracted while driving. [NHTSA Traffic Safety Facts, 2009]

In 2008, an estimated 12.4% of persons ages 12 or older drove under the influence of alcohol at least once during the past year. The rate was highest among persons ages 21-25 (26.1%).
SAMHSA, NHTSA

In 2008, 11,773 people were killed in alcohol-impaired driving crashes, accounting for nearly one third (32%) of all traffic-related deaths in the United States.
NHTSA

In 2009, 5,474 people were killed in motor vehicle crashes that were reported to have involved distracted driving.
NHTSA

Of those killed in crashes related to distracted driving, 18% of fatalities involved reports of cell phone use as a distraction.
NHTSA

In 2009, an estimated 24,000 people were injured in crashes involving cell phones as the distraction.
NHTSA

Of all people injured in crashes in 2009, one in five was involved in a crash with distraction reported as a cause.
NHTSA

The under-20 age group had the greatest proportion of distracted drivers. Of all drivers younger than 20 involved in fatal crashes, 16% were reported to have been distracted while driving.
NHTSA

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Traffic Safety

Motor vehicle crashes remain the leading cause of death for 15- to 20-year-olds.
NHTSA

In 2007, 19% of the fatalities in the U.S. were related to young-driver crashes.
NHTSA

In the United States, the crash rate per mile driven for 16-19 year-olds is 4 times the risk for older drivers. (IIHS – Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 2009)

Fifty-six percent (56%) of the fatal crashes and 57% of the fatalities involving young drivers occurred on rural roadways.
NHTSA

Speeding was a contributing factor in 31% of all fatal crashes.
NHTSA

In 2007, 64% of young drivers in passenger vehicles involved in fatal crashes who had been drinking were not wearing a safety belt.
NHTSA

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Youth Violence & Bullying

In 2009, 11.1% of youth in grades 9-12 reported being in a physical fight.
CDC

Five percent (5%) of students did not go to school on one or more occasions during the past month because they felt unsafe at school or on their way to or from school.
CDC

Nearly 8% of students reported being threatened or injured with a weapon on school property at least one time during the past year.
CDC

One in five (19.9%) students reported being bullied on school property during the past year.
CDC

Juveniles accounted for 16% of all violent crime arrests and 26% of all property crime arrests in 2008.
CDC

In 2008, 1,280 youth were arrested for murder, 3,340 for forcible rape, and 56,000 for aggravated assault.
CDC

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Sexual Activity

In 2009, 46% of high school students had sexual intercourse and 13.8% had four or more sex partners during their life. Prior to the sexual activity, 21.6% drank alcohol or used drugs. Only 38.9% used a condom.
CDC

In 2009, 34% of currently sexually active high school students did not use a condom during their last sexual intercourse.
CDC

In 2006, an estimated 5,259 young people (ages 13-24) were diagnosed with HIV/AIDS.
CDC

Each year, approximately 19 million new STD infections occur, and almost half of them are among youth ages 15-24.
CDC

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Mental Health

The most common reasons youth receive mental health services are feeling depressed (50%), problems at home/family (28.8%), breaking rules or “acting out” (25.1%), and suicidal thoughts or attempts (20.2%).
SAMHSA

Among youth, females are more likely than males to receive mental health services in outpatient specialty, educational, or general medical settings.
SAMHSA

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